Translation is the communication of the MEANING of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text. While interpreting—the facilitating of oral or sign-language communication between users of different languages—antedates writing, translation began only after the appearance of written literature.


” A government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation ….”

Democracy contrasts with forms of government where power is either held by an individual, as in an absolute monrchy  or where power is held by a small number of individuals, as in an oligarchy.